Beginning in June of 2012, the GMAT will contain a new 12 problem Integrated Reasoning section. To help you prepare for the IR section, we are working out the problems for you! Below is a sample IR Multi-Source Reasoning problem from the Graduate Management Admissions Council (GMAC) at www.mba.com. You can find this and other integrated reasoning problems online at http://www.mba.com/the-gmat/nex-gen/integrated-reasoning-question-formats.aspx.
Question type! Multi-Source Reasoning
Treat this problem exactly the way you would a critical reading problem. You need to read the “passage” (in this case, the three emails between the administrator and the project coordinator) and then determine whether the three statements listed in the question can be supported by the information in the paragraph.
Tip! Correct answers are always supported by information in the passage.
Take a moment to read the three emails. Then analyze each statement individually, keeping in mind that correct statements must be supported by information you found in the passage.
Statement 1: The administrator is unwilling to invite as many participants in the second group as were invited in the first group.
Take a second look at the administrator’s two emails. Does either email say anything about the number of participants he will invite to the second group? No, they do not. Quickly skim the project coordinator’s email. Does the project coordinator say anything that indicates the administrator is unwilling to invite as many participants in the second group? No, the project coordinator simply mentions some administrative concerns. Since statement 1 cannot be supported by information in any of the three emails, it must be incorrect. Select “No” for Statement 1, and move on to Statement 2.
Statement 2: The project coordinator does not expect to be able to meet the goal for the number of completed surveys received.
Carefully re-read the project coordinator’s email, paying close attention to any mentions of surveys. What does the project coordinator say about the surveys?
- we got 350 actual survey completions
- we need 700 and are hoping for more
- plan to invite a second group to the survey
- there is a 40% probability that an invitee will submit the survey in the time allowed
- we need to think in terms of the risks of getting too few returns or exceeding the budget
Does the project coordinator ever mention that she thinks they will be able to meet the goal for the number of completed surveys received? No. She is simply describing the status of the surveys to the administrator to explain why they will need to invite a second group to participate. Since statement 2 cannot be supported by the information in the email, it must be incorrect. Select “No” for Statement 2, and move on to Statement 3.
Statement 3: The administrator is willing to accept some risk of exceeding the budget for compensating participants.
Base your answer to this question on the administrator’s email that talks about the budget and compensating participants, Email #3. Re-read this email and find out what she says about exceeding the budget for compensating participants.
She says several things:
- the budget for compensation is $45,000
- we will honor our commitment to pay $50 to each participant–in the second group as well as the first–who completes the survey and submits it to the deadline
- we will need to try not to exceed the total amount that is budgeted for this purpose
Based on the information listed, is the administrator willing to accept some risk of exceeding the budget? Yes. Most importantly, is there information in the passage to support this claim? She says that they will honor their commitment to pay $50 to each participant who completes the survey and submits it to the deadline. She does not say they will stop compensating participants in the second group if they exceed the budget. However, she cautions that “we will need to try not to exceed the total amount that is budgeted for this purpose.” Therefore, she is willing to accept some risk of exceeding the budget for compensating participants. Select “Yes” for Statement 3.
Your final answer should look like this: