GMAT Integrated Reasoning: Two-Part Analysis Exam Problem #1

Example ProblemsIn June of 2012, the GMAT will contain a new 12 problem Integrated Reasoning section. To help you prepare for the IR section, we are working out the problems for you! Below is a sample IR Two-Part Analysis problem from the Graduate Management Admissions Council (GMAC) at www.mba.com.  You can find this and other integrated reasoning problems online at http://www.mba.com/the-gmat/nex-gen/integrated-reasoning-question-formats.aspx.

Problem:

 GMAT Integrated Reasoning Two-Part Analysis Example ProblemSolution:

Question type! Two-Part Analysis

Your first step in answering this question is to read the first two paragraphs and make a list of all the information given about the morefa.

Tip! Make a list of the relevant information given in a passage so you can refer to it easily when you answer the question.

Your list should look something like this.

MOREFA

  • type of location
  • birds go during the annual breeding season
  • scientists can observe
    • courtship displays of different species
    • species’ social hierarchy
  • some species return to the same
  • abandon the area to establish their nests

You want to base your answer to the question solely on the information listed.  Now let’s look at the answer choices.

Does the list mention anything about sleeping? No, it does not.  This is a classic example of an answer that looks logical, but is not supported by any of the information given.  It’s a trap. Avoid it.

Tip! Avoid assumptions.

Our second choice, occupying the location multiple times, does happen to some birds.  The passage specifically states that some species return to the same morefa. The passage never states, however, that all species return to the same morefa. Therefore, the passage does not support the assertion that all species occupy the location multiple times.  Eliminate it.

The last item in our list states that birds must abandon the morefa to establish their nests:

MOREFA

  • type of location
  • birds go during the annual breeding season
  • scientists can observe
    • courtship displays of different species
    • species’ social hierarchy
  • some species return to the same
  • abandon the area to establish their nests

Therefore, based on the passage, we can be absolutely sure that establishing nests does not take place in the morefa.  Select “must not happen in this location” in the row “establishing nests.”

Now we are looking for what must happen at the morefa. Our two remaining choices are “gathering together with members of their own species” and “territorial competition with members of different species.”

Take a look at our list.

MOREFA

  • type of location
  • birds go during the annual breeding season
  • scientists can observe
    • courtship displays of different species
    • species’ social hierarchy
  • some species return to the same
  • abandon the area to establish their nests

Does it mention anything about territorial competition? No, it does not, so we can eliminate that choice.

Now we are left with “gathering together with members of their own species.”

Tip! Correct answers can always be found verbatim or paraphrased in the passage.

Does our list support that this happens at the morefa? The passage states that scientists can observe the social hierarchy of a species at the morefa. If scientists can observe the social hierarchy of a species, there must be multiple birds of the same species present. (A bird can’t have a hierarchy with itself!) Therefore, the passage supports the assertion that members of the species gather together with members of their own species.

Your final answer should look like this: GMAT Integrated Reasoning Two-Part Analysis Example Problem

Remember, when answering questions like these, you only want to pick answers with information that can be supported by the passage.  Does the passage state that birds must leave the morefa to establish their nests? Yes, it does, therefore establishing nests must not happen in the location.  Does the passage also state that  birds gather together with members of their own species at the morefa? Yes, it states that scientists can observe the social hierarchy of a species, which implies that multiple members of the same species will be present.  Therefore, gathering together with members of their own species must happen in the location.  Now you have proved beyond any doubt that these are your two correct answer choices.

Tip! Only select answer choices that can be supported by the information given in the passage.

 

Looking for Integrated Reasoning practice? Check out the links below!

Table Analysis Example Problem #1

Table Analysis Example Problem #2

Table Analysis Example Problem #3

Multi-Source Reasoning Example Problem #1

Multi-Source Reasoning Example Problem #2

Two-Part Analysis Example Problem #2

Two-Part Analysis Example Problem #3

Graphics Interpretation Example Problem #1

This entry was posted in Example Problems and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to GMAT Integrated Reasoning: Two-Part Analysis Exam Problem #1

  1. Pingback: Integrated Reasoning: Overview

  2. Pingback: Integrated Reasoning Section: Multi-Source Reasoning

  3. Pingback: Integrated Reasoning: Two-Part Analysis Example Problem #2

  4. Pingback: Integrated Reasoning Section: Graphics Interpretation

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *